Science Journals & Books

  • Acebes, J. V., J. D. Darling, and M. Yamaguchi. 2007. Status and distribution of humpback whales
    (Megaptera novaeangliae) in northern Luzon, Philippines. Journal of Cetacean Management 9(1):
    37-43.
  • Beland, S.L., McLeod, B.A., Martin, J. Martin, G.M., Darling, J.D. and Frasier, T.R. 2018. Species
    composition of First Nation whaling hunts in Clayoquot Sound region of Vancouver Island as
    estimated through genetic analyses. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 17: 235-241.
  • Butler, R.W, R. MacVicar and S. Hollick-Kenyon. 2017. Observation of a super pod of Pacific Harbor Porpoises (Phocoena phocoena vomerina) in the Salish Sea. Northwest Naturalist 98:137-138.
  • Calambokidis, J., J.D. Darling, V. Deeke, P.Gerrin, M. Gosho, W. Megill, C.M. Tombach, D. Goley, C.
    Toropova, and B. Gisborne. 2002. Abundance, range and movements of a feeding aggregation of
    gray whales (Eschritius robustus) from California to southeast Alaska in 1998. Journal of Cetacean
    Research and Management 4(3): 267-271
  • Calambokidis, J., G.H. Steiger, K. Rasmussen, J. Urban, K.C. Balcomb, P. Ladron de Guevara, M.
    Salinas, J.K. Jacobsen, C.S. Baker, L.M. Herman, S. Cerchio, J. Darling. 2000. Migratory destinations
    of humpback whales that feed off California, Oregon and Washington. Marine Ecology Progress
    Series 192:295-304.
  • Calambokidis, J. G.H. Seiger, J.R. Evenson, K.R. Flynn, K.C. Balcomb, D.E. Claridge, P. Bloedel, J.M.
    Straley, C.S. Baker, O. von Ziegesar, M.E. Dalheim, J.M. Waite, J.D. Darling, G.Ellis, and G.A. Green.
    1996. Interchange and isolation of humpback whales off California and other North Pacific feeding
    grounds. Marine Mammal Science 12(2):215-226.
  • Darling, J.D., Acebes, J.M.V., Frey, O. Urban, R.J., and Yamaguchi, M. In Press. Convergence and divergence of songs suggests ongoing, but annually variable, mixing of humpback whale populations throughout the North Pacific. In Press. Scientific Reports.
  • Darling, J.D. 2015. Low frequency, ca. 40 Hz, pulse trains recorded in the humpback whale
    assembly in Hawaii. Journal Acoustic Society of America 138 (5).
  • Darling, J.D., J.M. Acebes and M. Yamaguchi. 2014. Similarity yet a range of differences between
    humpback whale songs recorded in Philippines, Japan and Hawaii in 2006. Aquatic Biology 21:93
    107.
  • Darling, J. D., M. E. Jones, and C. P. Nicklin. 2012. Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae)
    singers in Hawaii are attracted to playback of similar song. Journal Acoustic Society of America 132
    (5): 2955-2958.
  • Darling, J.D., M. E. Jones and C. P. Nicklin. 2006. Humpback whale songs: Do they organize males
    during the breeding season? Behaviour 143, 1051-1101.
  • Darling, J.D. and R.S. Sousa-Lima. 2005. Songs indicate interaction between humpback whale
    (Megaptera novaeangliae) populations in the western and eastern South Atlantic ocean. Marine
    Mammal Science, 21(3): 557-566.
  • Darling, J.D. 2002. Song. In: Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, Eds. W.F. Perrin, B. Wursig and
    J.G.M. Thewissen. Academic Press, pp. 1124-1126.
  • Darling, J.D. and M. Berube. 2001. Interactions of singing humpback whales with other males.
    Marine Mammal Science, 17(3): 570-584.
  • Darling, J.D., K. E. Keogh and T.M. Steeves. 1998. Gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus) habitat
    utilization and prey species off Vancouver Island, B.C. Marine Mammal Science, 14(4): 692-720.
  • Darling, J.D. J. Calambokidis, K.C. Balcomb, P. Bloedel, K. Flynn, A. Mochizuki, K. Mori, F. Sato, H.
    Suganuma and M. Yamaguchi. 1996. Movement of a humpback whale from Japan to B.C. and
    return. Marine Mammal Science 12(2): 281-287.
  • Darling, J.D. and K.E. Keogh. 1994. Observations of basking sharks (Cetorhinus maximus) in
    Clayoquot Sound, British Columbia. Canadian Field Naturalist 108(2): 199-210.
  • Darling, J.D. and K. Mori. 1993. Recent observations of humpback whales (Megaptera
    novaeangliae) in Japanese waters, Ogasawara and Okinawa. Canadian Journal of Zoology 71:
    325 333.
  • Darling, J.D. and S. Cerchio. 1993. Movement of a humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae)
    between Japan and Hawaii. Marine Mammal Science 9(1): 84 91.
  • Darling, J.D., and H. Morowitz. 1986. Census of “Hawaiian” humpback whales (Megaptera
    novaeangliae) by individual identification. Canadian Journal of Zoology 64:105 111.
  • Darling, J.D., and D.J. McSweeney. 1985. Observations on the migrations of North Pacific
    humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 63: 308 314.
  • Darling, J.D. 1984. Gray whales off Vancouver Island, British Columbia. In: The Gray Whale
    Eschrictius robustus. Ed. by: Jones, M.L., S.L. Swartz. and S. Leatherwood. Academic Press, New
    York. pp. 267 287.
  • Darling, J.D., and C.M. Jurasz. 1983. Migratory destinations of North Pacific humpback whales
    (Megaptera novaeangliae). In: Communication and Behavior of Whales. Ed. by R. Payne. AAAS
    Selected Symposia Series. Westview Press, Boulder, CO. pp. 359 368.
  • Darling, J.D., K.M. Gibson, and G.K. Silber. 1983. Observations on the abundance and behavior of
    humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) off West Maui, Hawaii, 1977 79. In: Communication
    and Behavior of Whales. Ed. by R. Payne. AAAS Selected Symposia Series. Westview Press,
    Boulder, CO. pp. 359 368.
  • Darling, J.D., Acebes, J.M.V., Frey, O. Urban, R.J., and Yamaguchi, M. In Press. Convergence and divergence of songs suggests ongoing, but annually variable, mixing of humpback whale populations throughout the North Pacific. In Press. Scientific Reports.
  • Darling, J.D. 2015. Low frequency, ca. 40 Hz, pulse trains recorded in the humpback whale
    assembly in Hawaii. Journal Acoustic Society of America 138 (5).
  • Darling, J.D., J.M. Acebes and M. Yamaguchi. 2014. Similarity yet a range of differences between
    humpback whale songs recorded in Philippines, Japan and Hawaii in 2006. Aquatic Biology 21:93
    107.
  • Darling, J. D., M. E. Jones, and C. P. Nicklin. 2012. Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae)
    singers in Hawaii are attracted to playback of similar song. Journal Acoustic Society of America 132
    (5): 2955-2958.
  • Darling, J.D., M. E. Jones and C. P. Nicklin. 2006. Humpback whale songs: Do they organize males
    during the breeding season? Behaviour 143, 1051-1101.
  • Darling, J.D. and R.S. Sousa-Lima. 2005. Songs indicate interaction between humpback whale
    (Megaptera novaeangliae) populations in the western and eastern South Atlantic ocean. Marine
    Mammal Science, 21(3): 557-566.
  • Darling, J.D. 2002. Song. In: Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, Eds. W.F. Perrin, B. Wursig and
    J.G.M. Thewissen. Academic Press, pp. 1124-1126.
  • Darling, J.D. and M. Berube. 2001. Interactions of singing humpback whales with other males.
    Marine Mammal Science, 17(3): 570-584.
  • Darling, J.D., K. E. Keogh and T.M. Steeves. 1998. Gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus) habitat
    utilization and prey species off Vancouver Island, B.C. Marine Mammal Science, 14(4): 692-720.
  • Darling, J.D. J. Calambokidis, K.C. Balcomb, P. Bloedel, K. Flynn, A. Mochizuki, K. Mori, F. Sato, H.
    Suganuma and M. Yamaguchi. 1996. Movement of a humpback whale from Japan to B.C. and
    return. Marine Mammal Science 12(2): 281-287.
  • Darling, J.D. and K.E. Keogh. 1994. Observations of basking sharks (Cetorhinus maximus) in
    Clayoquot Sound, British Columbia. Canadian Field Naturalist 108(2): 199-210.
  • Darling, J.D. and K. Mori. 1993. Recent observations of humpback whales (Megaptera
    novaeangliae) in Japanese waters, Ogasawara and Okinawa. Canadian Journal of Zoology 71:
    325 333.
  • Darling, J.D. and S. Cerchio. 1993. Movement of a humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae)
    between Japan and Hawaii. Marine Mammal Science 9(1): 84 91.
  • Darling, J.D., and H. Morowitz. 1986. Census of “Hawaiian” humpback whales (Megaptera
    novaeangliae) by individual identification. Canadian Journal of Zoology 64:105 111.
  • Darling, J.D., and D.J. McSweeney. 1985. Observations on the migrations of North Pacific
    humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 63: 308 314.
  • Darling, J.D. 1984. Gray whales off Vancouver Island, British Columbia. In: The Gray Whale
    Eschrictius robustus. Ed. by: Jones, M.L., S.L. Swartz. and S. Leatherwood. Academic Press, New
    York. pp. 267 287.
  • Darling, J.D., and C.M. Jurasz. 1983. Migratory destinations of North Pacific humpback whales
    (Megaptera novaeangliae). In: Communication and Behavior of Whales. Ed. by R. Payne. AAAS
    Selected Symposia Series. Westview Press, Boulder, CO. pp. 359 368.
  • Darling, J.D., K.M. Gibson, and G.K. Silber. 1983. Observations on the abundance and behavior of
    humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) off West Maui, Hawaii, 1977 79. In: Communication
    and Behavior of Whales. Ed. by R. Payne. AAAS Selected Symposia Series. Westview Press,
    Boulder, CO. pp. 359 368.
  • D’Intino, A.M., J.D. Darling, J. Urban R. and T.R. Frasier. 2013. Lack of nuclear differentiation
    suggests reproductive connectivity between the ‘southern feeding group’ and the larger
    population of eastern North Pacific gray whales, despite previous detection of mitochondrial
    differences. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 13(2): 97-104.
  • Frasier, T. R., S. M. Koroscil, B. N. White and J. D. Darling. 2011. Assessment of population
    substructure in relation to summer feeding ground use in the eastern North Pacific gray whale.
    Endangered Species Research 14: 39-48.
  • Gabriele, C.M., J.M. Straley, S.A. Mizroch, C.S.Baker, A.S.Craig, L.M. Herman, D. Glockner-Ferarri,
    M.J. Ferrari, S. Cerchio, O. von Ziegesar, J. Darling, D. McSweeney, T. J. Quinn II, and J. Jacobsen.
    2001. Estimating the mortality rate of humpback whale calves in the central North Pacific Ocean.
    Canadian Journal of Zoology. 79: 589-600.
  • Hatler, D.F. and J.D. Darling. 1974. Recent observations of the gray whale in British Columbia.
    Canadian Field Naturalist 88: 449 459.
  • Jardine, C.B., A.L. Bond, P.J.A. Davidson, R.W. Butler, and T. Kuwae. 2015. Biofilm consumption and variable diet composition of Western Sandpipers (Calidris mauri) during migratory stopover. PLoS One. (April 14, 2015).
  • Jones, I.M., R.W. Butler, and R.C. Ydenberg. 2013. Recent switch by the Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias fannini in the Pacific northwest to associative nesting with Bald Eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) to gain predator protection. Canadian Journal of Zoology 91: 489-495.
  • Middleton, H.A., RW Butler and P.D. Davidson. 2018. Waterbirds alter their distribution and behavior in the presence of Bald Eagles (Haliaetus leucocephalus). Northwest Naturalist 99:21-30.
  • Mizroch, S.A., L.M. Herman, J.M. Straley, D.A. Glockner-Ferrari, C. Jurasz, J. Darling, S. Cerchio, C.M.
    Gabriele, D.R. Salden, and O. von Ziegesar. 2004. Estimating the adult survival rate of central North
    Pacific humpback whales ( Megaptera novaeangliae). Journal of Mammalogy, 85(5):963-972.
  • Steeves, T.E., J.D. Darling, P.E. Rosel, C.M. Schaeff and R.C. Fleischer. 2001. Preliminary analysis of
    mitochrondrial DNA variation in a southern feeding group of eastern North Pacific gray whales.
    Conservation Genetics 2: 379-384.
  • Rowntree, V., J. Darling, G. Silber and M. Ferrari. 1980. Rare sighting of a right whale (Eubalaena
    glacialis) in Hawaii. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 58(2): 309 312.

PWLF Reports

Theses

  • Middleton, H.A. 2014. The influence of intensive land use types on the foraging distribution of ducks wintering in the Fraser River Delta, British Columbia. PhD thesis, Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University,
  • Jones, I.M. 2009. Associative nesting behaviour between Pacific great blue herons and bald eagles in the Pacific Northwest: testing the predator protection hypothesis. MSc thesis, Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.

Technical Reports

  • Butler, R.W. and R.S. MacVicar. 2013. Field Observations of Gray Whales in Boundary Bay, British Columbia 1991-2012. Pacific WildLife Foundation Technical Report Number 2.
  • Butler, R.W., R. MacVicar and R. Foster. 2011. Attempts to restore eelgrass (Zostera marina) in Port Moody Inlet, British Columbia. Pacific WildLife Foundation Technical Report 1, Port Moody, B.C.
  • Darling, J.D. and R.W. Butler. 2013. Important Cetacean Areas. Pacific WildLife Foundation, Technical Report Number 3. Port Moody, BC.
  • Darling, J.D. 2001. Characterization of behavior of humpback whales in Hawaiian waters.
    Unpublished report. Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary. 55pp.
  • Darling, J.D. 1992. Management for a living Hesquiat Harbour. Compilation of existing knowledge
    and preliminary assessment of resources and habitat. Unpublished report prepared for The
    Hesquiat First Nation and Conservation International/Ecotrust. 188 pp.
  • Darling, J.D. 1991. Humpback whales in Japanese waters Ogasawara and Okinawa. Fluke
    Identification Catalog 1987 1990. Available: World Wide Fund for Nature Japan or West Coast
    Whale Research Foundation, Vancouver. 56 pp.
  • Darling, J.D. and K. Keogh. 1990. Clayoquot Sound Biological Diversity Study Literature Review.
    Unpublished report. Steering Committee for Sustainable Development, Tofino, B.C. 87 pp.
  • Darling, J.D. 1989. Survey for Nestucca Oil in Sediments of Selected Gray Whale Feeding Sites.
    Contract: DFO/PBS 041 Part 1. Unpublished report. Department of Fisheries and Oceans,
    Nanaimo, B.C. 11 pp.
  • Darling, J.D. 1989. Monitoring of Potential Changes in Migratory or Feeding Behaviour of Gray
    Whales Due to the Nestucca Oil Spill. Unpublished report. Contract: DFO/PBS 041 Part 2.
    Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Nanaimo, B.C. 11 pp.
  • Darling, J.D. 1988. Whale Watching in Ogasawara, Japan. Unpublished report. Ogasawara Village
    Government. Ogasawara, Japan. 33 pp.
  • Darling, J.D. 1986. Robson Bight Ecological Reserve Management Plan. An assessment of the
    impacts of human activities on the killer whales of Robson Bight Ecological Reserve with
    management guidelines. Ecological Reserves Program. Ministry of Environment and Parks, Victoria
    B.C. 83 pp.
  • Darling, J.D. 1983. Migration, abundance and behavior of Hawaiian humpback whales (Megaptera
    novaeangliae). Ph.D. thesis. University of California Santa Cruz. 147 pp.
  • Darling, J.D. 1978. Aspects of the behavior and ecology of the Vancouver Island gray whales,
    Eschrictius robustus Cope. M.Sc. thesis. University of Victoria, B.C. 200 pp.
  • Darling, J.D. 1978. Abundance and behavior of gray whales that spend the summer off the west
    coast of Vancouver Island. SC/30/Doc. 37. Presented to the I.W.C. Scientific Committee, June 1978.
  • Darling, J.D. 1973. The Pacific gray whale (Eschrictius glaucus Cope). A bibliography and literature
    review. Unpublished report. National and Historic Parks Branch, Western Region. Calgary, Alberta.
    193 pp.
  • Reeves, R.R., R.L. Brownell, A. Burdin, J.C. Cooke, J.D. Darling, G.P. Donovan, F.M.D. Gulland, S.E.
    Moore, D.P. Nowacek, T.J. Ragen, R.G.Steiner, G.R. VanBlaricom, A. Vedenev, A.V. Yablakov. 2005.
    Report of the independent scientific review panel on the impacts of Sakhalin II Phase 2 on
    Western North Pacific Gray Whales and Related Biodiversity. IUCN. Gland, Swithzerland and
    Cambridge, UK 1-123 pp.
  • Darling, J.D. 2009. Hawaii’s Humpbacks Unveiling the Mysteries. Granville Island Press, Vancouver
    B.C. 240pp.
  • Darling, J.D. 1999. Gray Whales. Colin Baxter Photography, Grantown-on-Spy, Scotland. 72pp.
  • Darling, J.D. 1995. Seiners of the Sea. In: J.D. Darling, C.F. Nicklin, K.S. Norris, H. Whitehead & B.
    Wursig, Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises. National Geographic Society: Washington, DC. pp. 87-
    137.
  • Darling, J.D. 1990. With the Whales. Northword Press. Minocqua, Wisconsin. 158 pp.
  • Darling, J.D. 1987. Wild Whales Humpback, Gray and Killer Whales. SummerWild Productions,
    Vancouver. 96 pp.